QIMR Berghofer

Incident Chronic Kidney Disease After Radical Nephrectomy for Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) after surgery for kidney cancer is common, and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to identify factors associated with incident CKD in patients managed with radical nephrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ) at 12 months after nephrectomy. RESULTS: Older age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] per 5-year increase, 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4-1.6), male sex (aOR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.0-2.0), obese compared with not obese (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.2-2.7), rural compared with urban place of residence (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.1-3.0) were associated with a higher risk of incident CKD. Lower preoperative eGFR was also associated with a higher risk of incident CKD. Management in private compared with public hospitals was also associated with a higher risk of CKD (aOR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.2-2.2). Factors related to tumor size and cancer severity were also associated with worse postoperative kidney function, although it is likely this was a consequence of selection bias. CONCLUSION: Patient characteristics have the strongest associations with incident CKD after radical nephrectomy. Potential risk factors were reasonably similar to recognized CKD risk factors for the general population. Patients who undergo nephrectomy who have CKD risk factors might benefit from ongoing postoperative screening for deterioration of kidney function.

Authors Ellis, Robert J; White, Victoria M; Bolton, Damien M; Coory, Michael D; Davis, Ian D; Francis, Ross S; Giles, Graham G; Gobe, Glenda C; Marco, David J T; Neale, Rachel E; Wood, Simon T; Jordan, Susan J; ,
Journal Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Pages e581-e591
Volume 17
Date 1/03/2019
Grant ID EOI09_E36
Funding Body Victorian Cancer Agency
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=10.1016/j.clgc.2019.02.011