QIMR Berghofer

Differentiation of Human Induced Pluripotent or Embryonic Stem Cells Decreases the DNA Damage Repair by Homologous Recombination

Abstract

The nitric oxide (NO)-cyclic GMP pathway contributes to human stem cell differentiation, but NO free radical production can also damage DNA, necessitating a robust DNA damage response (DDR) to ensure cell survival. How the DDR is affected by differentiation is unclear. Differentiation of stem cells, either inducible pluripotent or embryonic derived, increased residual DNA damage as determined by gamma-H2AX and 53BP1 foci, with increased S-phase-specific chromosomal aberration after exposure to DNA-damaging agents, suggesting reduced homologous recombination (HR) repair as supported by the observation of decreased HR-related repair factor foci formation (RAD51 and BRCA1). Differentiated cells also had relatively increased fork stalling and R-loop formation after DNA replication stress. Treatment with NO donor (NOC-18), which causes stem cell differentiation has no effect on double-strand break (DSB) repair by non-homologous end-joining but reduced DSB repair by HR. Present studies suggest that DNA repair by HR is impaired in differentiated cells.

Authors Mujoo, Kalpana; Pandita, Raj K.; Tiwari, Anjana; Charaka, Vijay; Chakraborty, Sharmistha; Singh, Dharmendra Kumar; Hambarde, Shashank; Hittelman, Walter N.; Horikoshi, Nobuo; Hunt, Clayton R.; Khanna, Kum Kum; Kots, Alexander Y.; Butler, E. Brian; Murad, Ferid; Pandita, Tej K.
Journal Stem Cell Reports
Pages 1660-1674
Volume 9
Date 1/11/2017
Grant ID
Funding Body Houston Methodist Research Institute
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=10.1016/j.stemcr.2017.10.002