Zika virus (ZIKV) has recently emerged and is the etiological agent of congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), a spectrum of congenital abnormalities arising from neural tissue infections in utero. Herein, we describe the de novo generation of a new ZIKV isolate, ZIKV(Natal), using a modified circular polymerase extension reaction protocol and sequence data obtained from a ZIKV-infected fetus with microcephaly. ZIKVNatal thus has no laboratory passage history and is unequivocally associated with CZS. ZIKVNatal could be used to establish a fetal brain infection model in IFNAR(-/-) mice (including intrauterine growth restriction) without causing symptomatic infections in dams. ZIKVNatal was also able to be transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. ZIKVNatal thus retains key aspects of circulating pathogenic ZIKVs and illustrates a novel methodology for obtaining an authentic functional viral isolate by using data from deep sequencing of infected tissues.
|Authors||Setoh, Yin Xiang; Prow, Natalie A.; Peng, Nias; Hugo, Leon E.; Devine, Gregor; Hazlewood, Jessamine E.; Suhrbier, Andreas; Khromykh, Alexander A.|
|Funding Body||Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre|